Types of Jaundice and their causes

Types of jaundice

Jaundice is an unnatural yellow coloration of the skin or sclera which is due to the presence of bilirubin in plasma in concentrations greater than 40 mmol / L. The normal concentration of bilirubin in the plasma is under 22 mmol / L. There are…

G6PD Methaemoglobin Reduction Test Principle and Interpretation

G6PD test MLTGEEKS

This is  one of the simpler and less expensive test to screen for G6PD deficiency.Deficiency or a  reduction in G6PD activity in red blood cells can cause an acute intravascular haemolysis following exposure to oxidant agents such as fava beans(favism),neonatal jaundice and less commonly chronic…

Blood cells types and Functions (Red Blood Cells and White Blood Cells)

Blood cells and types

Red blood cells They are biconcave in shape,with a diameter of about 8µm and a thickness of about 2µm. The total average volume is about 83µm. Concentration of RBC is higher in males than in females. It depends on age,sex and altitude. RBC value in…

ABO and Rhesus Blood Grouping principles and Result interpretation

Blood Grouping Kits MLTGEEKS

Blood grouping is a haematological haemagglutination test done to determine the blood group and Rh factor of an individual.It is the classification of blood based on the absence or presence of two inherited antigenic substances on the surface of red blood cells (RBCs) of the…

Blood Transfusion reactions and Complications

blood transfusion reaction MLTGEEKS.jpg

Blood transfusion generally carries some risk of  reaction. Sometimes, the blood or blood components may act as a foreign protein or antigen that prompts immediate or delay  immune response or tissue reaction reason why compatibility testing is one of the most important and confirmatory test…

Hemolytic Disease of the Newborn (Causes and investigation)

Hemolytic Disease of the Newborn MLTGEEKS

Haemolytic disease of the newborn abbreviated HDN is an immune haemolytic anaemia which causes newborn or infant to be born jaundiced and anaemic. This condition is more likely caused by ABO incompatibility than Rhesus incompatibility in most tropical countries.This is because of the low probability…

Red Blood Cell Indices (MCV,MCH and MCHC) Clinical Significance

Red blood cells indices MLTGEEKS

If you have been using the automated hematology analyzer,I’m pretty sure you might have come across these MCV,MCH and MCHC.These parameters are very useful in automated and manual hematology.They are called Red Blood Cells indices and are useful blood tests that provide hematological information about…

Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR) Principle,Procedure and clinical significance

Erythrocyte sedimentation Rate abbreviated ESR is the rate of sedimentation of red cells.It is a non specific haematological test with values raided in wide range of infections,inflammation,degeneration and malignant conditions mostly associated with changes in blood plasma protein concentration such as fibrinogen,immunoglobulins and acute phase…

Blood composition, Properties and Functions

blood-composition

Blood consists of Plasma which is a fluid medium in which erythrocytes (RBC),Leukocytes (WBC) and thrombocytes (Platelets) are suspended.Plasma is a complex solution of proteins,salts and numerous metabolic substances. Composition of blood Blood is compose of the following elements in their correct proportions 1. Plasma…

Types of Blood transfusion

Types of Blood Group MLTGEEKS

There are three type of blood transfusion thus : Autologous blood transfusion (ABT) Exchange blood transfusion (EBT) Donor-recipient blood transfusion Autologous blood transfusion (ABT) From the word ‘’Autologous” which means derived from the same individual ,This involves the collection and infusion of the patient’s own…