Concepts of Medical Law

tort law

What is Law? Law can be defined as those rules made by human who regulated social conduct in a formally prescribed and legally binding manners. Laws are based upon concerns for fairness and justice. What are the Functions of law in healthcare ? In healthcare,…

How to preserve museum specimens (Museum mounting techniques)

museum fixative and preservation

All teaching hospitals and colleges of pathology have museums that serve many functions: permanent exhibition of common specimens for undergraduate and postgraduate teaching purposes such as collected animals, illustration of rare specimens, permanent source of histological material and for gross and microscopic photography. Any museum…

APPLYING QUALITY ASSURANCE IN MICROBIOLOGY

APPLYING QUALITY CONTROL IN MICROBIOLOGY

ISO stand for  International Standard Organization is one of the leading international organizations that has brought the international community together to develop consistent quality standards in the manufacturing and services industries. Quality: Quality means meeting the user’s predefined requirements for a specific substance or service.Quality…

comprehensive stool analysis (Macroscopic,Microscopic and Concentration techniques)

Stool analysis MLTGEEKS

Stool testing or stool examination is performed in laboratories for different diagnostic purposes.It is a specimen that is easily obtained, but it can be a reluctance on the part of the patient to provide the stool specimen because of it’s offensive nature and foul smell.In…

How to collect urine sample from male,female,Infants and children

Urine container MLTGEEKS

Urine is one of  the most frequently specimen submitted for culture in microbiology. Therefore the urine collection, transport, culture techniques, and interpretation of results is very important in order to obtain accurate and reliable result. As with any other specimen submitted to the laboratory, the…

Case Study #3

A patient submitted  two stool specimens  for ova and parasite (O & P) examination. Smears were made, stained with trichrome, and examined.  Eosinophils and Charcot-Leyden crystals were observed in both specimens.  Also  when observed, at 1000x oil magnification, The Below figure was observed. They measured 10…

Normal range ,Critical and Reference values in Medical Laboratory

NORMAL RANGE MLTGEEKS

Normal range ,Critical and Reference values  are  terminology related to lab tests that most laboratory specialist should be familiarize with. Normal range is usually established by testing a large population of healthy individuals. There is usually a range of “normal.” Reference range : This vary…

Distilled water Preparation and uses in a Medical Laboratory

Distilled-water-in-the-lab

Among the types of water commonly used in a medical laboratory,Distilled water is one of the most used water in carrying out biological analysis other from deionised water,Tap water etc.. Distilled water is water that has been converted to steam or  gas vapour through boiling…

Parasitology Case study #2

A2-1

A 23-year-old female presented to her primary care provider with abdominal pain, cramps, flatulence, and diarrhea five days after returning from a white water rafting trip. Stool specimens were collected in 10% formalin and zinc polyvinyl alcohol (Zn-PVA) and sent to a reference lab for…

Parasitology Case study #1

Sputum specimens were collected for routine microbiological work-up on an 18-year-old patient from Myanmar who presented with cavitary lung disease. The patient also had international travel to Malaysia and within the United States had visited Illinois, Indiana, and New York. During the examination of a…