Aspartate-Transaminase-ASTAspartate-Transaminase-AST

Purpose Aspartate Transaminase (AST) Test

Aspartate transaminase (AST) or aspartate aminotransferase, also known as AspAT/ASAT/AAT or serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT), is a pyridoxal phosphate (PLP)-dependent transaminase enzyme which catalyzes the reversible transfer of an α-amino group between aspartate and glutamate.It an important…

Carcinoembryonic-Antigen

All Tumour Markers and Clinical Significances

Tumour markers are those substances that can normally be found in the body or their level may rise up due to the presence of  a cancer. These substances are usually found in the blood or urine. They can…

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Diagnostic Enzymology (How to calculate enzyme activity)

Enzymes plays a vital role in catalyzing biochemical reactions reaction which are necessary for normal human growth,maturation and reproduction. Diagnostic enzymology  involves the measurement of enzymes activities in body fluids in order to diagnose a disease.In most cases,serum…

Plasma protein MLT GEEKS

Plasma proteins function and clinical significance

Plasma proteins are proteins that are synthesized in the hepatocytes or liver cells and release in the blood plasma except immunoglobulins. Plasma proteins plays a vital role in the body metabolism being part of blood,they moves from vessels…

Bile salt test MLTGEEKS

Foaming test to detect bile salts and bile pigments in urine

Bile is a yellow-green fluid that contains water and organic molecules such as cholesterol, bile acids, and bilirubin. In humans, the two main function of bile are the digestion and absorption of fats and the elimination of bile…

Urine test stripes examined by aN MLT

Urine Dipstick principle and significance of parameters

Urine dipstick  are point of care easy to use, cost-effective medical tool that allow for the specific diagnosis and effective treatment of various disease states. The test strips are designed to detect small pathological changes in urine, and…

Clinical Significance of Various Crystals Found In Urine

Naturally, Urine is a solution that contains as many dissolved substances(solutes) eliminated by the body as waste chemicals. These solutes  have the abilities to form crystals especially at higher concentration that can equally increase or decrease the pH…