Clinical significance of some hormones and their Functions

clinical endocrine MLTGEEKS

Hormones are a group of diverse biomolecules that are carried by the circulation and interacts with specific cells and receptors to produce a precise response.Each hormone is under the stimulation and inhibitory factors that acts to produce exquisite control of biological processes. A common and…

Purpose Aspartate Transaminase (AST) Test

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Aspartate transaminase (AST) or aspartate aminotransferase, also known as AspAT/ASAT/AAT or serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT), is a pyridoxal phosphate (PLP)-dependent transaminase enzyme which catalyzes the reversible transfer of an α-amino group between aspartate and glutamate.It an important enzyme in amino acid metabolism.This enzyme is…

All Tumour Markers and Clinical Significances

Carcinoembryonic-Antigen

Tumour markers are those substances that can normally be found in the body or their level may rise up due to the presence of  a cancer. These substances are usually found in the blood or urine. They can be products of cancer cells or of…

Diagnostic Enzymology (How to calculate enzyme activity)

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Enzymes plays a vital role in catalyzing biochemical reactions reaction which are necessary for normal human growth,maturation and reproduction. Diagnostic enzymology  involves the measurement of enzymes activities in body fluids in order to diagnose a disease.In most cases,serum or blood are the most useful samples…

Plasma proteins function and clinical significance

Plasma protein MLT GEEKS

Plasma proteins are proteins that are synthesized in the hepatocytes or liver cells and release in the blood plasma except immunoglobulins. Plasma proteins plays a vital role in the body metabolism being part of blood,they moves from vessels to organs supplying their functions.Below are the…

Foaming test to detect bile salts and bile pigments in urine

Bile salt test MLTGEEKS

Bile is a yellow-green fluid that contains water and organic molecules such as cholesterol, bile acids, and bilirubin. In humans, the two main function of bile are the digestion and absorption of fats and the elimination of bile salts from the body by secretion into…

Urine Dipstick principle and significance of parameters

Urine test stripes examined by aN MLT

Urine dipstick  are point of care easy to use, cost-effective medical tool that allow for the specific diagnosis and effective treatment of various disease states. The test strips are designed to detect small pathological changes in urine, and provide the result via a color-change test…

Clinical Significance of Various Crystals Found In Urine

Naturally, Urine is a solution that contains as many dissolved substances(solutes) eliminated by the body as waste chemicals. These solutes  have the abilities to form crystals especially at higher concentration that can equally increase or decrease the pH of urine from acid to base and …