The-Kidney-and-Nephron

3 Functions Of The Kidneys You Need to Know Now

In the urinary system, the two kidneys form and secretes urine by peristalsis. Urine is conveyed from each kidneys into the urinary bladder. This provides temporary storage for about 300 ml urine which is eventually voided to the…

Fruits and their vitamin content

Difference Between Fat-Soluble and Water-Soluble Vitamins

Vitamins can be defined as organic compounds occurring in small quantities in different natural foods and are necessary for growth and maintenance of good health. Vitamins can also be defined as essential food factors, which are required for…

Minerals : Their Functions,Sources and Deficiency

Minerals Functions,Sources and Deficiency

Minerals are essential for the normal growth and maintenance of the body. If the daily requirement is more than 100 mg / day, they are called major elements and if the daily requirements is less than 100 mg…

ELECTROLYTES AND BLOOD GASES ANALYSIS

Blood gases and electrolytes analysis

Electrolytes are charged particles (ions) dissolved in different fluid compartments (intravascular, interstitial and intracellular) of the body and perform a variety of functions in the human body.The clinical important electrolytes are: sodium, potassium, calcium, hydrogen and bicarbonate.Because hydrogen…

kidney function test MLTGEEKS

How to carryout kidney Function Tests: Purpose, Types, and Procedure

The kidney’s primary function is to excrete water soluble waste products from the body.It also  has different filtration, excretion and secretary functions.The disruption of any of these functions would either lead to a reduction in the excretion of…

Liver function test parameters MLTGEEKS

LIVER FUNCTION TESTS PARAMETERS

The Liver function tests or liver function blood test mostly abbreviated in some laboratories as (lft) are a group of tests done in order to assess the functional capacity of the liver as well as to detect any cellular…

Types of jaundice

Types of Jaundice and their causes

Jaundice is an unnatural yellow coloration of the skin or sclera which is due to the presence of bilirubin in plasma in concentrations greater than 40 mmol / L. The normal concentration of bilirubin in the plasma is…

SSA Protein MLTGEEKS

3% Sulfosalicylic Acid Test for the Detection of Proteinuria

Sulfosalicylic Acid It is used to determined presence of proteins in urine sample by turbidimetric method. Unlike the routine urine protein dipstick pad, the Sulfosalicylic Acid reaction detect globulin and Bence-Jones proteins, in addition to albumin (although it…

Insulin hormone MLTGEEKS

How Hormones Regulates blood glucose level

When the level of glucose is higher than normal,the beta cells of the islets of langerhans  in the pancreas are stimulated to secrete insulin. Actions of Insulin in the Regulation of blood glucose level Insulin facilitates or stimulates…

clinical endocrine MLTGEEKS

Clinical significance of some hormones and their Functions

Hormones are a group of diverse biomolecules that are carried by the circulation and interacts with specific cells and receptors to produce a precise response.Each hormone is under the stimulation and inhibitory factors that acts to produce exquisite…