Brugia malayi Laboratory diagnosis and Treatment

Brugia malayi Laboratory Diagnosis

Areas of the world in which mosquitoes breed are the primary places in which Brugia malayi can be found.These include the Philippines, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, New Guinea, Vietnam, Thailand and Japan, Korea and China.Although humans are considered the primary definite host, Brugia malayi is also…

Chlamydia trachomatis Laboratory Diagnosis

Chlamydia trachomatis Laboratory Diagnosis

Chlamydiae are obligatory, aerobic, intracellular parasites of eukaryotic cells.Chlamydiae are obligatory, aerobic, intracellular parasites of eukaryotic cells.They are small gram- negative cocci or rod- shaped, non- motile bacteria.Chlamydiae exhibits intermediate characteristics between bacteria and viruses.They are widespread in the natural world and are parasites of…

Acanthamoeba infection laboratory diagnosis

Acanthamoeba infection laboratory diagnosis

Over the years, Acanthamoeba cases have been reported from many countries worldwide. In the United States, both CNS and Acanthamoeba eye infections have been reported. CNS infections occur primarily in patients who are immunocompromised or weakened.Contact lenses wearers, particularly those with soft contacts, may be…

Lowenstein-Jensen (LJ) Medium : Principle, Preparation and Colony Morphology

Lowenstein-Jensen (LJ) Medium : Principle, Preparation and Colony Morphology

Lowenstein-Jensen (LJ) Medium is used in the isolation and cultivation of Mycobacterium species.Solid media used for the isolation and cultivation of Mycobacteria are egg- based or agar- based.Egg- based media contain whole eggs or egg yolk, potato flour, salts and glycerol and are solidified by…

Semen Analysis: Sperm Counting Test Procedure and Results

Semen Analysis: Sperm Counting Test Procedure and Results

Semen analysis provides essential information on the individual’s clinical status. Clearly, the collection and analysis of semen must be carried out using properly standardized procedures if the results are to provide valid information.Normal semen is a mixture of sperm suspended in testis secretions and epididymis…

Papanicolaou stains : Principle ,Procedure and Interpretation

Papanicolaou stain : Principle ,Procedure and Result Interpretation

Papanicolaou stains are used to differentiate cells in smear preparations of various body secretions. Pap stain is a very reliable technique. As such, it is used for cervical cancer screening.Malignant cells are generally characterized by relatively large nuclei with an abnormal chromatin pattern and small…

Pneumocystis jiroveci Laboratory Diagnosis

Pneumocystis jiroveci Laboratory Diagnosis

Pneumocystis jiroveci is common in many parts of the world. Particularly in United States, Asia and Europe. The route of organism transmission is believed to be through the transfer of pulmonary droplets by direct person- to- person contact.The population most at risk for Pneumocystis jiroveci…

Cryptosporidium parvum laboratory diagnosis

Cryptosporidium parvum laboratory diagnosis

Cryptosporidium is distributed worldwide.Of the 20 species that are known to exist, only Cryptosporidium parvum infects human beings.Infection appears to occur primarily through water or food contaminated with infected feces and through transmission from person to person.Immunocompromised persons are at risk of contracting this parasite,…

Toxoplasma gondii laboratory diagnosis

Toxoplasma gondii laboratory diagnosis

Toxoplasma gondii is found worldwide, mainly because so many animals can harbor the organism.Information collected to date indicates that no population is exempt from the possibility of contracting Toxoplasmosis.One of the most important populations at risk of contracting this parasite are AIDS patients.Several epidemiological considerations…

Wuchereria bancrofti Laboratory Diagnosis

Wuchereria bancrofti Laboratory Diagnosis

Wuchereria bancrofti can be found in the subtropical and tropical areas of the world.These include Central Africa, the Nile Delta, India, Pakistan, Thailand, the Arabian Coast, the Philippines, Japan, Korea and China in the Eastern Hemisphere and Haiti, the Dominican Republic, Costa Rica and the…