Echinococcus granulosus laboratory diagnosis

echinococcus granulosus

Also known as hydatid worm, hyper tapeworm or dog tapeworm, Echinococcus granulosus is primarily found in areas where sheep or other herbivores are raised and are in close contact with dogs or wild canines. Other criteria for at-risk areas include those where there is close…

Concepts of Medical Law

tort law

What is Law? Law can be defined as those rules made by human who regulated social conduct in a formally prescribed and legally binding manners. Laws are based upon concerns for fairness and justice. What are the Functions of law in healthcare ? In healthcare,…

Loa Loa Filariasis Laboratory diagnosis and treatment

Loa Loa Filariasis (Loiasis) Laboratory diagnosis and treatment

Like all filarial organisms, the endemic regions of infections correlate with the areas in which the vector flourishes.In the case of Loa loa filariasis, Chrysops fly lives in Africa, especially in the rainforest belt region. In the areas in which a large vector population exists,…

Hugh Leifson Medium : Principle, Preparation and Colony Morphology

Hugh Leifson Medium : Principle, Preparation and Colony Morphology

Hugh Leifson Medium (Oxidative-Fermentative Medium ) is used to distinguish between anaerobic and aerobic breakdown of carbohydrate( glucose).Hugh Leifson Medium was developed by Hugh and Leifson.They described the taxonomic significance of fermentation and oxidative metabolism of carbohydrates in gram- negative intestinal bacteria.There are two ways…

Proteus and Providencia Species : Morphology,Diagnosis and Cultural characteristics

Proteus and Providencia Species : Morphology,Diagnosis and Cultural characteristics

The Proteus and Providencia genera belong to the Proteeae of the Enterobacteriaceae family. The members of both these genera are gram negative, motile bacilli, aerobic and facultative anaerobic and can grow in basic media.A characteristic feature that distinguishes tribe Proteeae from other members of Enterobacteriaceae…

Overview of Bacteria identification test procedures and Interpretations

Overview of Bacteria identification test procedures and Interpretations

Isolated bacteria must be further identified at genus and species level. The identification of bacteria is required to cure the disease or infection caused by the bacteria by using appropriate antibiotics. Identification is also important for epidemiological purposes. How to identify bacteria in the laboratory…

Pseudomonas aeruginosa : Morphology,Diagnosis and Cultural characteristics

Pseudomonas aeruginosa : Morphology,Diagnosis and Cultural characteristics

Pseudomonas is a bacteria mostly saprophytic in nature, found in soil, water and other moist environments. It has emerged as an important cause of associated health care and opportunistic infections.Most Pseudomonas clinical isolates are resistant to many antibiotics. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is also a plant pathogen….

Brugia malayi Laboratory diagnosis and Treatment

Brugia malayi Laboratory Diagnosis

Areas of the world in which mosquitoes breed are the primary places in which Brugia malayi can be found.These include the Philippines, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, New Guinea, Vietnam, Thailand and Japan, Korea and China.Although humans are considered the primary definite host, Brugia malayi is also…

How to preserve museum specimens (Museum mounting techniques)

museum fixative and preservation

All teaching hospitals and colleges of pathology have museums that serve many functions: permanent exhibition of common specimens for undergraduate and postgraduate teaching purposes such as collected animals, illustration of rare specimens, permanent source of histological material and for gross and microscopic photography. Any museum…

Chlamydia trachomatis Laboratory Diagnosis

Chlamydia trachomatis Laboratory Diagnosis

Chlamydiae are obligatory, aerobic, intracellular parasites of eukaryotic cells.Chlamydiae are obligatory, aerobic, intracellular parasites of eukaryotic cells.They are small gram- negative cocci or rod- shaped, non- motile bacteria.Chlamydiae exhibits intermediate characteristics between bacteria and viruses.They are widespread in the natural world and are parasites of…