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Medical Laboratory Geeks | Microbiology | Haematology |Biochemistry | Histopathology |Immunoserology Notes
Innate and Acquired immunity

Immune system : Innate and adaptive

The term immunity was derived from the Latin word “immunis” (exempt), which originally referred to the protection from legal prosecution offered to the Roman senators during their tenures in office. The same term was later …

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Good sources of Vitamin A

Vitamin A: Functions, Deficiency and Toxicity

Vitamin A belongs to the fat soluble vitamins. Its active form is present only in animal tissues meanwhile the pro-vitamin, beta-carotene is present in plant tissues. Beta carotene is made up of two beta ionone…

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The-Kidney-and-Nephron

3 Functions Of The Kidneys You Need to Know Now

In the urinary system, the two kidneys form and secretes urine by peristalsis. Urine is conveyed from each kidneys into the urinary bladder. This provides temporary storage for about 300 ml urine which is eventually…

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Fruits and their vitamin content

Difference Between Fat-Soluble and Water-Soluble Vitamins

Vitamins can be defined as organic compounds occurring in small quantities in different natural foods and are necessary for growth and maintenance of good health. Vitamins can also be defined as essential food factors, which…

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Blood plasma

Difference Between Serum And Plasma

For some scientists and medical students, the difference between serum and plasma is just nomenclature and colour. On more than once occasion we’ve had to ask the difference between Serum and Plasma, only to hear,…

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cells tissues organs and systems

Cells, Tissues, Organs, Organ Systems

Cells, Tissues, Organs, Organ Systems made up the 4 level of organisation of an organism. A cell is the smallest structural and functional unit of a living organism. Bacteria are unicellular consisting of a single…

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Bone for Decalcification

How to decalcify tissues for Histopathological processing

The presence of calcium salts in tissues makes them difficult. This causes knife damage, tissue cutting difficulty. Calcium may also be present in normal tissues under pathological conditions such as necrotic tissue in tuberculosis. Decalcification…

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Entamoeba coli one small one large cyst iodine

Entamoeba coli infection and treatment

Entamoeba coli can be found worldwide.It is a non pathogenic species of Entamoeba causing Intestinal amebiasis, amebic colitis, amebic dysentery, extraintestinal amebiasis.It’s occurs in cold climates, such as Alaska, as well as warm climates.Geographic areas…

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echinococcus granulosus

Echinococcus granulosus laboratory diagnosis

Also known as hydatid worm, hyper tapeworm or dog tapeworm, Echinococcus granulosus is primarily found in areas where sheep or other herbivores are raised and are in close contact with dogs or wild canines. Other…

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tort law

Concepts of Medical Law

What is Law? Law can be defined as those rules made by human who regulated social conduct in a formally prescribed and legally binding manners. Laws are based upon concerns for fairness and justice. What…

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